GEORGE SALMON was a distinguished mathematician as well as a theologian. His father, Michael Salmon, was a linen merchant and his mother, Helen Weekes, was the daughter of the Reverend Edward Weekes. George attended school in his home town of Cork, in the south of Ireland, and then entered Trinity College, Dublin in 1833. He studied mathematics and classics at Dublin, and graduated with a degree in mathematics in 1838. He became a Fellow in 1841, Regius professor of divinity in 1866, and Provost in 1888. In 1844 Salmon married Frances Salvador, the daughter of the Reverend J. L. Salvador. They had six children, four boys and two girls. He was ordained priest in 1845.
A strong Protestant, Salmon co-operated with R. Whately in writing the ‘Cautions for the Times' (1853), intended as a reply to the ‘Tracts for the Times' (1833-41). His lectures on the “Infallibility of the Church”, first published in 1888, were a defence of Protestant principles against the tenets of the Church of Rome, and well illustrate at once his skill, his vigour, and his humour, as a controversialist. In his widely read “Introduction to the New Testament” (1885), he was more concerned to refute critical theories than to produce a handbook of reference. Salmon also took a prominent part in the reconstruction of the Irish Church after its disestablishment in 1870.