Lucas Cranach the Elder, in 1525AD)
German Protestant Reformer
Martin Luther burns Pope's Bull of Excommunication
at 9.00 a.m., 10th December, 1520AD at Wittenberg.
The burning of the Popes Bull of Excommunication was the boldest and most eventful act of Luther. Viewed in itself, it might indeed have been only an act of fanaticism and folly, and proved
a brutal thunderbolt. But it was preceded and followed by heroic acts of faith in pulling down an old church, and building up a new one. It defied the greatest power on earth, before which emperors, kings, and princes, and all the nations of Europe bowed in reverence and awe. It was the fiery signal of absolute and final separation from Rome, and destroyed the effect of future papal bulls upon one-half of Western Christendom. It emancipated Luther and the entire Protestant world from that authority, which . . . had become a fearful and intolerable tyranny over the intellect and conscience of men.
[from Philip Schaff D.D., "History of the Reformation" from his "History of the Christian Church" 1888 edition.]
From a portrait by Lucas Cranach the Elder, and engraved by Holl.
Luther’s Autobiographical fragment. (25k)
LIFE OF LUTHER (4.8mb) by Julius Kostlin.
First published 1883AD and translated from the German. (1905AD edition.)
Martin Luther at Worms in 1521AD.
Chancellor of Treves: "Will you, or will you
not, retract?" Luther: ". . .I cannot submit my faith either to the pope or to
the councils, because it is clear as the day that they have frequently erred and
contradicted each other. Unless therefore I am convinced by the testimony of
Scripture, or by the clearest reasoning, unless I am persuaded by means of the
passages I have quoted, and unless they thus render my conscience bound by the
Word of God, I cannot and I will not retract, for it is unsafe for a Christian
to speak against his conscience. Here I stand, I can do no other: may God help
The Ninety-Five Theses
(48k) by Martin Luther (1888 Schaff edition).
2. Address to the Nobility. (182k) by Martin Luther (1883 edition)
3. On Christian Liberty. (107k) by Martin Luther (1883 edition).
4. Luther at Worms (358k) by J. H. Merle
d'Aubigne D.D. (1835 edition) pdf (432k)
docx (122k) zip
5. On the Word of God. (77k) by Martin Luther (1857 edition).zip (24k)
6. The Papal Bull Decet Romanum
(19k) against Luther. (1521).
Article on Luther. (38k) by Rev. James Gardner from Christian Cyclopaedia,1858ad.
8. Luther's Shorter Catechism (47k) (with Luther's preface) (1529)
9. Luther's Autobiographical fragment. (25k) (1545)
The Youth, Conversion, and Early Labours of Luther. (264k)
J. H. Merle d'Aubigne D.D. (1835 edition).
Protestantism in Germany to the Leipsic Disputation, 1519AD
(534k) by Rev. James Wylie (1878AD)
Times of Erasmus and Luther. Lecture 1 (79k) by J. A. Froude M.A.(1867)
Times of Erasmus and Luther. Lecture 2 (83k) by J. A. Froude M.A.(1867)
Times of Erasmus and Luther.
Lecture 3 (75k) by J. A. Froude M.A.(1867)
Luther's Training for the Reformation
A.D. 1483-1517. (195k) by Philip Schaff, (1887AD)
Luther's 95 Theses &
from "The First Principles of the Reformation" (1885AD)
pdf (82k) docx (37k)